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Evaluate the integral

Petrus

Well-known member
Feb 21, 2013
739
Hello MHB,
This is an exemple I do not understand.
if \(\displaystyle R={(x,y)|-1 \leq x \leq 1, -2 \leq y \leq 2}\), evaluate the integral
\(\displaystyle \int\int_R \sqrt{1-x^2}dA\) (It is suposed to be R at down for 'rectangle' if I understand correct.)
they solve it like this \(\displaystyle \int\int_R \sqrt{1-x^2}dA = \frac{1}{2} \pi(1)^2 * 4 = 2\pi\)
I don't understand how they do it and
The defination says:
"If \(\displaystyle f(x,y) \geq0\), then the volume V of the solid that lies above the rectangle R and below the surface \(\displaystyle z=f(x,y)\) is
\(\displaystyle V=\int\int_R f(x,y)dA\)"
What I can note is that \(\displaystyle \sqrt {1-x^2} \geq0\) and \(\displaystyle z=\sqrt{1-x^2} <=> x^2+z^2=1\) so then the volume lies above the rectangle and below \(\displaystyle z= \sqrt{1-x^2}\) but I get confused with dA, integrate respect to area?

Regards,
 
Last edited:

ZaidAlyafey

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 17, 2013
1,667
You are asked to solve the integral

\(\displaystyle \int^{2}_{-2} \, \int^{1}_{-1} \sqrt{1-x^2} \, dx \, dy\)
 

Petrus

Well-known member
Feb 21, 2013
739

ZaidAlyafey

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 17, 2013
1,667
Yes , you are asked to integrate over the rectangle [-1,1]x[-2,2]
 

Petrus

Well-known member
Feb 21, 2013
739
Yes , you are asked to integrate over the rectangle [-1,1]x[-2,2]
How will it work with integrate with dy? I dont have any y in my function so..?
 

ZaidAlyafey

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 17, 2013
1,667
You can think of it as a nested integral so you start first by evaluating \(\displaystyle \int^1_{-1} \sqrt{1-x^2} \, dx \)

Then what ever the result you get assume to be f(y) then you evaluate

\(\displaystyle \int^{2}_{-2} f(y) \, dy \)
 

Petrus

Well-known member
Feb 21, 2013
739
You can think of it as a nested integral so you start first by evaluating \(\displaystyle \int^1_{-1} \sqrt{1-x^2} \, dx \)

Then what ever the result you get assume to be f(y) then you evaluate

\(\displaystyle \int^{2}_{-2} f(y) \, dy \)
Thanks Zaid!:) One last quest why can I do that? I dont think I ever read about it or I have just missed it. Thanks!
 

ZaidAlyafey

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 17, 2013
1,667
This is what we call iterated integral .

- - - Updated - - -

Just as an exercise try to evaluate the integral of z=2 over the rectangle [0,2]x[0,2] and verify this is the volume of a cube.
 

Petrus

Well-known member
Feb 21, 2013
739
This is what we call iterated integral .

- - - Updated - - -

Just as an exercise try to evaluate the integral of z=2 over the rectangle [0,2]x[0,2] and verify this is the volume of a cube.
This is what makes this forum so good:)! Thanks for helping me and giving me an exercise! I really like this thanks thanks!:)

we got :
\(\displaystyle \int_0^2\int_0^22 dxdy\) so the volume becomes \(\displaystyle V=8cm^3\) (I just like to have 'unit'
A cube is like 6 square kub01_500x250.jpg when our is 2cm long (Here is me draw it on paint but it looks like a rectangle but its a square) math3.png formel for volume of a cube is \(\displaystyle a^3\) and our \(\displaystyle a=2\) ( lenght) so the volume of the cube becomes \(\displaystyle 2^3=8cm^3\)
 

ZaidAlyafey

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 17, 2013
1,667
Excellent , so we see that for positive z>0 this is actually the volume over the specified area on the xy-plane .