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Triangle question

Wilmer

In Memoriam
Mar 19, 2012
376
Code:
                     B
 




                              15




 
A     9     M        11        N   5   C
Triangle ABC, BC = 15, AC = 25.
M and N on AC, such that AM = 9, MN = 11 and CN = 5.
Angle ABM = angle CBN.
Calculate side AB.
 

pickslides

Member
Feb 1, 2012
57
It seems as simple as x/9 = 15/5, or am I missing something?
 

Wilmer

In Memoriam
Mar 19, 2012
376
It seems as simple as x/9 = 15/5, or am I missing something?
No; those 2 triangles are not similar....and solution NOT simple: guaranteed!
 

Evgeny.Makarov

Well-known member
MHB Math Scholar
Jan 30, 2012
2,503
It seems as simple as x/9 = 15/5, or am I missing something?
Are you claiming that triangles ABM and NBC are similar? Also, it is strange that the fact MN = 11 is not used.
 

Opalg

MHB Oldtimer
Staff member
Feb 7, 2012
2,725
trig.png

From the sine rule in triangle BNC, $\dfrac{\sin\theta}5 = \dfrac{\sin(\theta+\gamma)}{15}$.

From the sine rule in triangle BMA, $\dfrac{\sin\theta}9 = \dfrac{\sin(\theta+\alpha)}x$.

From the sine rule in triangle ABC, $\dfrac{\sin\alpha}{15} = \dfrac{\sin\gamma}x = \dfrac{\sin(\alpha+\gamma)}{25}$.

That gives four equations for the four unknowns $x$, $\theta$, $\alpha$, $\gamma$. So all you have to do is to solve the equations to find $x$.

In practice, I struggled to do that, but eventually I managed to eliminate $x$ and $\theta$ from the equations and ended with the relation $\sin\alpha = \tfrac23\sin\gamma.$ From there, it was easy to conclude that $\boxed{x = 22.5}.$ (Also, $\cos\alpha = \tfrac{29}{36}$, $\cos\gamma = \tfrac{11}{24}$ and $\tan\theta = \tfrac{\sqrt{455}}{61}.$)
 

Wilmer

In Memoriam
Mar 19, 2012
376
Yep. There is a much easier solution using: A(0,0), C(25,0), B(x,y).
G on AC such that BG perpendicular to AC: AG = x, BG = y (of course).
Let u = angleABM = angleCBN.

TriangleABM: TAN(u) = [y / (x-9) - y/x] / [1 + (y / (x-9))(y/x)]
Do similarly with triangleBCN.
Use above equality and, along with Pythagoras' help with rights ABG and CBG, solve.