Welcome to our community

Be a part of something great, join today!

System of equalities 3

solakis

Active member
Dec 9, 2012
303
Solve the following sustem
1) \(\displaystyle x+y+z+w=22\)
2) \(\displaystyle xyzw=648\)
3)\(\displaystyle \frac{1}{x}+\frac{1}{y}=\frac{7}{12}\)
4) \(\displaystyle \frac{1}{z}+\frac{1}{w}=\frac{5}{18}\)
 

Monoxdifly

Well-known member
Aug 6, 2015
268
Starting at the third equation, the only couple of Egyptian fraction which sum is \(\displaystyle \frac7{12}\) are \(\displaystyle \frac1{3}\) and \(\displaystyle \frac14\), so x = 3 and y = 4 (interchangeable).
Using the same method for the fourth equation, we get\(\displaystyle \frac16+\frac19=\frac5{18}\), so z = 6 and w = 9 (also interchangable).
Check them on the first equation:
x + y + z + w = 22
3 + 4 + 6 + 9 = 22
22 = 22 (TRUE)
Also check them on the second equation:
xyzw = 648
3(4)(6)(9) = 648
648 = 648 (TRUE)
So, if the solution is denoted as (w, x, y, z), the solution set is {(6, 3, 4, 9), (6, 4, 3, 9), (9, 3, 4, 6), (9, 4, 3, 6)}.
 

Country Boy

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 30, 2018
362
Since the last two equation have only two unknowns each, I would start with them.

$\frac{1}{x}+ \frac{1}{y}= \frac{7}{12}$
Multiply both sides by 12xy:
$12y+ 12x= 7xy$
$12y= 7xy- 12x= 7x(y- \frac{12}{7})$
$\frac{12y}{y- \frac{12}{7}}= \frac{7(12)y}{7y- 12}= 7x$.
$x= \frac{12y}{7y- 12}$.
$\frac{1}{z}+ \frac{1}{w}= \frac{5}{18}$
Multiply both sides by 18wz.
$18w+ 18z= 5wz$
$18w= 5wz- 18z= 5z(w- \frac{18}{5})$
$\frac{18w}{w}- \frac{18}{5}= \frac{5(18)w}{5w- 18}= 5z$
$z= \frac{18w}{5w- 18}$.

Now replace x and z in the first two equations so we have two equations in y and w.
$x+ y+ z+ w= \frac{12y}{7y- 12}+ y+ \frac{18w}{5w- 18}+ w= \frac{7y^2}{7y- 12}+ \frac{5w^2}{5w- 18}= 22$.

$xyzw= \frac{12y}{7y- 12}(y)\left(\frac{18w}{5w- 18}\right)w= \frac{216yw}{(7y-12)(5w-18)}= 648$

I will leave solving those last two equations to you!