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Smartest Triangles

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anemone

MHB POTW Director
Staff member
Feb 14, 2012
3,677
Let the IQ of a triangle be the ratio \(\displaystyle \frac{\text{area of the triangle}}{(\text{perimeter of the triangle})^2}\).

This is a dimensionless number. Show that the smartest triangles are equilateral triangles.
 

MarkFL

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Feb 24, 2012
13,775
Using Heron's formula, one notices by symmetry that interchanging any two of the variables representing the side lengths results in the same area and perimeter functions, hence Lagrange multipliers used with:

The objective function \(\displaystyle A(x,y,z)=\frac{\sqrt{s(s-x)(s-y)(s-z)}}{4s^2}\) where \(\displaystyle s=\frac{x+y+z}{2}\)

Subject to the constraint \(\displaystyle g(x,y,z)=x+y+z-p=0\)

will necessarily lead to the implication:

\(\displaystyle x=y=z=\frac{p}{3}\)

Thus, the triangle having the greatest IQ is equilateral.
 
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anemone

MHB POTW Director
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Feb 14, 2012
3,677
Hey MarkFL, this is the fastest solution that I have ever received so far!

MarkFL.JPG

Great job!:cool:;)
 

MarkFL

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Feb 24, 2012
13,775
Let's just say this problem is nearly identical to a recent university level POTW...copy/paste/edit/done. (Rofl)
 
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anemone

MHB POTW Director
Staff member
Feb 14, 2012
3,677
Looks to me these copy/paste/edit things are signs of you're on the verge of cheating...(Rofl)
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775
Looks to me these copy/paste/edit things are signs of you're on the verge of cheating...(Rofl)
It's only cheating if I copy/paste the work of someone else...which I would never do of course. (Angel)