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- Feb 14, 2012

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\(\displaystyle a^2+b^2=2c\)

\(\displaystyle 1+a^2=2ac\)

\(\displaystyle c^2=ab\)

- Thread starter anemone
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- Thread starter
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- #1

- Feb 14, 2012

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\(\displaystyle a^2+b^2=2c\)

\(\displaystyle 1+a^2=2ac\)

\(\displaystyle c^2=ab\)

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- Jan 26, 2012

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I find it fascinating that the first equation requires $c\ge 0$. Then the second equation in conjunction with the first requires $a>0$, and incidentally tightens the $c$ inequality to $c>0$. Then the third equation, in conjunction with $c>0$ and $a>0$ requires $b>0$. Dominos!

\(\displaystyle a^2+b^2=2c\)

\(\displaystyle 1+a^2=2ac\)

\(\displaystyle c^2=ab\)

- Jan 26, 2012

- 183

My solution

a = b = c = 1.

I have a proof that this is the only solution but I'm looking for something a little more elegant.

If we add the first two equations and then 2 times the third we end up with

$(a-b)^2+(a-c)^2+(c-1)^2 = 0$

then $a = b = c$ and $c = 1$ giving our result.

I have a proof that this is the only solution but I'm looking for something a little more elegant.

$(a-b)^2+(a-c)^2+(c-1)^2 = 0$

then $a = b = c$ and $c = 1$ giving our result.

Last edited:

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- Feb 14, 2012

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Thank youMy solution

I have a proof that this is the only solution but I'm looking for something a little more elegant.

$(a-b)^2+(a-c)^2+(c-1)^2 = 0$

then $a = b = c$ and $c = 1$ giving our result.

My solution:

From \(\displaystyle a^2+b^2=2c\) and \(\displaystyle c^2=ab\), we have

\(\displaystyle a^2+\frac{c^4}{a^2}=2c\;\rightarrow\;\;a^4-2a^2c+c^4=0\)(*)

And from \(\displaystyle a^2+1=2ac\) we square both sides and get

\(\displaystyle a^4+2a^2+1-4a^2c^2=0\)(**)

Now, subtracting the equation (*) from (**) gives

\(\displaystyle 2a^2+1-2a^2c-c^4=0\)

\(\displaystyle 2a^2(1-c)+(1-c^4)=0\)

\(\displaystyle 2a^2(1-c)+(1-c)(1+c+c^2+c^3)=0\)

\(\displaystyle (1-c)(2a^2+1+c+c^2+c^3)=0\)

Since a, b, and c >0, \(\displaystyle 2a^2+1+c+c^2+c^3 \ne 0\) and thus it must be \(\displaystyle 1-c=0\;\rightarrow\;\;c=1\).

Back substituting \(\displaystyle c=1\) to the equation \(\displaystyle a^4-2a^2c+c^4=0\) and gives

\(\displaystyle a^4-2a^2+1=0\)

\(\displaystyle a^2-1=0\)

\(\displaystyle a^2=\pm1\) Since \(\displaystyle a>0\), we conclude that \(\displaystyle a=1\).

And from \(\displaystyle c=ab\), we have

\(\displaystyle 1=1(b)\;\rightarrow b=1\).