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- Apr 14, 2013

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Let $\mathbb{K}$ be a field, $1\leq n\in \mathbb{N}$ and let $V$ be a $\mathbb{K}$-vector space with $\dim_{\mathbb{R}}V=n$. Let $\phi :V\rightarrow V$ be a linear map.

The following two statements are equivalent:

- There is a basis $B$ of $V$ such that $M_B(\phi)$ is an upper triangular matrix.

- There are subspaces $U_1, \ldots , U_n\leq_{\mathbb{K}}V$ such that $U_i\subset U_{i+1}$ and $U_i$ is $\phi$-invariant.

Let $\phi$ satisfy the above properties. Then show that there is $0\neq v\in V$ and a $\lambda\in \mathbb{K}$ such that $\phi (v)=\lambda v$.

For that I have done the following:

We consider the subspace $U_1$. Since $U_1$ is $\phi$-invariant, it follows for $v\in U_1\subset V$ that $\phi (v)=\lambda v$, with $\lambda\in \mathbb{K}$.

Is that correct and complete?