There are various ways of proving this: using the fundamental identities of set algebra, using Euler-Venn diagrams, by definition using mutual inclusion of the left- and right-hand sides, etc. Which one is used in your course? And if it is the first method, are you familiar with the fundamental identities?
It's the union of both sets except for their intersection.
As such a "+" seems appropriate.
It's just that to define it, we typically take the union of the 2 mutual differences, which is apparently why it is called symmetric difference.