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[SOLVED] S8.3.7.4. The sum of two positive numbers is 16.

karush

Well-known member
Jan 31, 2012
2,678
3.7.4. The sum of two positive numbers is 16.

What is the smallest possible value of the sum of their squares?

$x+y=16\implies y=16-x$
Then
$x^2+(16-x)^2=2 x^2 - 32x + 256$

So far
... Hopefully
 
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skeeter

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Mar 1, 2012
655
keep going ... ATQ
 

karush

Well-known member
Jan 31, 2012
2,678
[3.7.4. The sum of two positive numbers is 16.
What is the smallest possible value of the sum of their squares?

$x+y=16\implies y=16-x$
Then
$z=x^2+(16-x)^2=2 x^2 - 32x + 256$
Then
$z'=4x-32$
So
$z'(x)=0\quad x=8$
Check
8^2+8^2=128
 

topsquark

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Aug 30, 2012
1,121
[3.7.4. The sum of two positive numbers is 16.
What is the smallest possible value of the sum of their squares?

$x+y=16\implies y=16-x$
Then
$z=x^2+(16-x)^2=2 x^2 - 32x + 256$
Then
$z'=4x-32$
So
$z'(x)=0\quad x=8$
Check
8^2+8^2=128
Question: Is that the smallest value for x?

-Dan
 

Prove It

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 26, 2012
1,403
Question: Is that the smallest value for x?

-Dan
Question: Is that what was asked in the question? I thought they were asking for the smallest sum of squares...
 

topsquark

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Aug 30, 2012
1,121
Question: Is that what was asked in the question? I thought they were asking for the smallest sum of squares...
Okay. Yes, you are right. I was trying to get karush to prove that this was the minimum answer in order to round out his solution. He never proved that.

-Dan
 

HallsofIvy

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 29, 2012
1,151
Rather than use something as "advanced" as setting the derivative to 0, I would "complete the square". \(\displaystyle 2x^2- 32x+ 256= 2(x^2- 16x+ 128)= 2(x^2- 16x+ 64+ 64)= 2((x- 8)^2+ 64)\).

That will be smallest when x= 8 and then the value will be 2(64)= 128.
 
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