Fast enough to not be pulled in by the others gravity and a slow enough that they don't fly off.To me it seems as if you have to balance the potential energy due to gravity against the rotational kinetic energy. That is, it seems as if you're in outer space with two equal masses, and they are rotating around each other like a binary star system. If the distance between them is constant, how fast are they rotating around each other?
Exactly. So I think you'd have the force due to gravity beingFast enough to not be pulled in by the others gravity and a slow enough that they don't fly off.
It shouldn't matter. You could choose your frame of reference to be at the center of one of the bodies just as well.Is this question talking about the position vector for the center of gravity of the two bodies?
If we set the origin to be the center of gravity, the bodies orbit it in a uniform circle with radius 1/2r_0.
I can just find the angular velocity on this circle?