You must show that this relation isConsider the set of positive rational numbers Q+ . Consider the relation r defined by (x,y) ∈ r<=> x/y ∈ Z. Show that r is a partial order and determine all numbers greater than 1/2.
Suppose that $p/q$ is greater than $1/2$ in this ordering (where $p/q$ is a fraction in its reduced form, so that $p$ and $q$ have no common factors other than $1$). Then $\left.\frac12\middle/\frac pq\right.$ is an integer. Simplify that compound fraction and see what that tells you about $p$ and $q$.... determine all numbers greater than 1/2.