# Prove that every nonzero vector in V is a maximal vector for T.

#### crypt50

##### New member
Let $T: V \rightarrow V$ be a linear operator on a fi nite-dimensional vector space $V$ over $F$. Assume that $_{\mu T}(x) \in F[x]$ is an irreducible polynomial.

I don't understand how assuming that the minimal polynomial is prime helps to prove the question. Please help.

#### Klaas van Aarsen

##### MHB Seeker
Staff member
Re: Prove that every nonzero vector in $V$ is a maximal vector for $T$

Let $T: V \rightarrow V$ be a linear operator on a fi nite-dimensional vector space $V$ over $F$. Assume that $_{\mu T}(x) \in F[x]$ is an irreducible polynomial.

I don't understand how assuming that the minimal polynomial is prime helps to prove the question. Please help.
Prove which question?

Note that if the field is the field of the real numbers, then the polynomial $x^2+\pi$ is irreducible, which has little to do with primes.

#### crypt50

##### New member
Re: Prove that every nonzero vector in $V$ is a maximal vector for $T$

Prove which question?

Note that if the field is the field of the real numbers, then the polynomial $x^2+\pi$ is irreducible, which has little to do with primes.
The question in the title: Prove that every nonzero vector in $V$ is a maximal vector for $T$.

#### Klaas van Aarsen

##### MHB Seeker
Staff member
Re: Prove that every nonzero vector in $V$ is a maximal vector for $T$

The question in the title: Prove that every nonzero vector in $V$ is a maximal vector for $T$.
Ah. I missed that.
And I presume that with prime you mean irreducible.

Well. Let's see.
Suppose $V$ is n-dimensional.

Then, if $F$ is algebraically closed (such as the complex numbers), $T$ has n eigenvalues.
If at least 2 eigenvalues are distinct, then the minimal polynomial is reducible.
Therefore all eigenvalues have to be equal.
That means that each nonzero vector has to be a maximal vector for $T$.

If $F$ is the field of the real numbers, we can extend it to the complex numbers, and the same argument holds.

So we're left with all other fields that do not obey the same principles.
Are you supposed to prove it for any field?

#### MarkFL

Re: Prove that every nonzero vector in $V$ is a maximal vector for $T$
The question in the title: Prove that every nonzero vector in $V$ is a maximal vector for $T$.
The thread title should give a brief description of the problem, while the problem itself should be fully given within the body of the first post. As you can see, putting the question in the title leads to confusion. 