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- Feb 14, 2012

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Prove that $\sin^n 2x+(\sin^n x - \cos^n x)^2\le 1$.

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- Thread starter
- Admin
- #1

- Feb 14, 2012

- 3,894

-----

Prove that $\sin^n 2x+(\sin^n x - \cos^n x)^2\le 1$.

-----

Remember to read the POTW submission guidelines to find out how to submit your answers!

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- Feb 14, 2012

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Here is a suggested solution from other:

$2^ns^nc^n+(s^n-c^n)^2=(2^n-2)s^nc^n+s^{2n}+c^{2n}$

while the right-hand side expression becomes

\(\displaystyle 1=(s^2+c^2)^n=s^{2n}+c^{2n}+\sum_{i=1}^{n-1}{n \choose i}s^{2n-2i}c^{2i}\)

Now, we have to show that \(\displaystyle (2^n-2)s^nc^n\le \sum_{i=1}^{n-1}{n \choose i}s^{2n-2i}c^{2i}\).

But that is immediate from AM-GM inequality that applies to the $2^n-2$ terms of $s^n c^n$.

Note that there are the same number of terms $s^{2n-2i}c^{2i}$ and $s^{2i}c^{2n-2i}$ and the product of each pair is $s^{2n}c^{2n}$. Hence the geometric mean is $s^n c^n$.

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