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[SOLVED] Pharaoh's modified Euler method question from Yahoo Answers


Well-known member
Jan 26, 2012
Part 2 of Pharaoh's Taylor series and modified Euler question from Yahoo Answers

consider van der pol's equation
y" - 0.2(1-y^2)y' + y = 0 y(0)=0.1 y'(0)=0.1
Write down the above problem as a system of first order differential equations.
Calculate the numerical solution at x = 0.2 using the Modified Euler method. Take the
step-length h = 0.1 and work to 6 decimal places accuracy. Compare with your solution
in part (i) and comment on your answers.

There is a standard method of converting higher order ODEs into first order systems, in this case it is to introduce the state vector:

\(Y(t)=\left[ \begin{array}{c} y(t) \\ y'(t) \end{array} \right] \)​

Then the ODE becomes:

\( Y'(t)= F(t,Y)=\left[ \begin{array}{c} y'(t) \\ y''(t) \end{array} \right]= \left[ \begin{array}{c} y'(t) \\ 0.2 \left(1-(y(t))^2 \right) y'(t)-y(t) \end{array} \right] \)​

Now you can use the standard form of the modified Euler method on this vector first order ODE.