[SOLVED]oblique asymptotes of radical expressions

karush

Well-known member
it seems most oblique asymptotes are mostly with rational expressions but
$\sqrt{x^2+6x}$ has the asymptote of $y=x+3$ and $y=-x-3$
I don't know how this is derived since it is not a rational expression

CaptainBlack

Well-known member
it seems most oblique asymptotes are mostly with rational expressions but
$\sqrt{x^2+6x}$ has the asymptote of $y=x+3$ and $y=-x-3$
I don't know how this is derived since it is not a rational expression

For large $$x$$ we have the asymtotic behavior: $\sqrt{x^2+6x} \sim \sqrt{x^2+6x+9}=\pm (x+3)$
Note deliberate error of use of the $$\pm$$ sign, a square root is by definition positive, so as $$x \to +\infty,\ \sqrt{x^2+6x} \sim x+3$$, and $$x \to -\infty,\ \sqrt{x^2+6x} \sim -(x+3)$$. See plot below.

CB

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aldus

New member
it seems most oblique asymptotes are mostly with rational expressions but
$\sqrt{x^2+6x}$ has the asymptote of $y=x+3$ and $y=-x-3$
I don't know how this is derived since it is not a rational expression

As usual, you can proceed by studying the difference $f(x)-(ax+b)$ since you've got that information. For calculus, you would then use the conjuguated expression.

For $x>0$:
$\sqrt{x^2+6x}-x-3=\frac{(\sqrt{x^2+6x}-x-3)(\sqrt{x^2+6x}+x+3)}{\sqrt{x^2+6x}+x+3}=\frac{x^2+6x-(x+3)^2}{\sqrt{x^2+6x}+x+3)}=\frac{-9}{\sqrt{x^2+6x}+x+3)}$
therefore $\lim_{x->+\infty}{f(x)-x-3}=0$
you can even deduce from above that the curve is under the asymptote ($f(x)-(ax+b) < 0$)

soroban

Well-known member
Hello, karush!

It seems most oblique asymptotes are mostly with rational expressions,
but $y \:=\:\sqrt{x^2+6x}$ has the asymptotes $y=x+3$ and $y=-x-3$
I don't know how this is derived since it is not a rational expression.

We have: .$y \:=\:\sqrt{x^2+6x}$

Square both sides: .$y^2 \:=\:x^2+6x \quad\Rightarrow\quad x^2 + 6x - y^2 \:=\:0$

Complete the square: .$x^2 + 6x \color{red}{+ 9} - y^2 \:=\:0 \color{red}{+9} \quad\Rightarrow\quad (x+3)^2 - y^2 \:=\:9$

Divide by 9: .$\dfrac{(x+3)^2}{9} - \dfrac{y^2}{9} \:=\:1$

The graph is the upper half of this hyperbola,

. .
whose asymptotes are: $y \:=\:\pm(x+3)$