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Assuming the mass density of the sphere is constant throughout, how are mass and volume related?

I suggest drawing a diagram of a cross section of the two objects through the axis of symmetry of the cylinder and try to find a relationship between the radius and height of the cylinder with the radius of the sphere. What do you find?

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I can do that by pitagorean theoremeAssuming the mass density of the sphere is constant throughout, how are mass and volume related?

I suggest drawing a diagram of a cross section of the two objects through the axis of symmetry of the cylinder and try to find a relationship between the radius and height of the cylinder with the radius of the sphere. What do you find?

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Yes, that's correct. What is the relationship between mass, volume and mass density?I can do that by pitagorean theoreme

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Yes, and if the density is constant, then we know mass and density are proportional to one another, and so we need only compute the ratio of the volume of the cylinder to that of the sphere, and multiply this by the mass of the sphere to get the mass of the cylinder.P or mass = d.v

So, what is the relationship between the dimensions (radius and height) of the cylinder with the radius of the sphere?

What is your objective function?

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m= d.vYes, and if the density is constant, then we know mass and density are proportional to one another, and so we need only compute the ratio of the volume of the cylinder to that of the sphere, and multiply this by the mass of the sphere to get the mass of the cylinder.

So, what is the relationship between the dimensions (radius and height) of the cylinder with the radius of the sphere?

What is your objective function?

and sphre volume is 4pir

Then m = d(4pir

r

i tried to derive v respect to r

m= d (4pi(R

looking at the answer i dont know how to eliminate r and h to get (sqrt of 3)m/3 that is my book answer

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Look at a cross-section of the sphere and cylinder through their mutual center. You should find that your relationship (using the Pythagorean theorem) between the radius $R$ of the sphere and the radius $r$ and $h$ of the cylinder is incorrect. You have one side of the right triangle wrong.

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lets seeHere is a diagram...do you see from where I obtained the measures of the 3 sides of the right triangle?

View attachment 1960

m= d.v

and sphre volume is 4pir

Then m = d(4pir

r

i tried to derive v respect to r

m= d (4pi(R

now can i derive from here??

Last edited:

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I would just maximize the volume of the cylinder first, and then use the relationship between weight density and weight.

\(\displaystyle w_C\) = weight of the cylinder

\(\displaystyle w_S=P\) = weight of the sphere

Thus, we may state, given that both objects share the same weight density:

\(\displaystyle \rho=\frac{P}{V_S}=\frac{w_C}{V_C}\)

Hence:

\(\displaystyle w_C=\frac{V_C}{V_S}P\)

You already know the volume of the sphere, so all you need now is the volume of the cylinder. So, our objective function is the volume of the cylinder:

\(\displaystyle V_C=\pi r^2h\)

Subject to the constraint:

\(\displaystyle r^2+\left(\frac{h}{2} \right)^2=R^2\)

So, using the constraint, we may write the volume of the cylinder in terms of 1 variable, and it will be simpler to substitute for $r^2$:

\(\displaystyle V_C(h)=\pi\left(R^2-\left(\frac{h}{2} \right)^2 \right)h=\pi R^2h-\frac{\pi}{4}h^3\)

Now, differentiate this with respect to $h$ and equate the result to zero to determine the critical value(s).

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ok I got +/- 2Rsqrt3/3 as critical pointI would just maximize the volume of the cylinder first, and then use the relationship between weight density and weight.

\(\displaystyle w_C\) = weight of the cylinder

\(\displaystyle w_S=P\) = weight of the sphere

Thus, we may state, given that both objects share the same weight density:

\(\displaystyle \rho=\frac{P}{V_S}=\frac{w_C}{V_C}\)

Hence:

\(\displaystyle w_C=\frac{V_C}{V_S}P\)

You already know the volume of the sphere, so all you need now is the volume of the cylinder. So, our objective function is the volume of the cylinder:

\(\displaystyle V_C=\pi r^2h\)

Subject to the constraint:

\(\displaystyle r^2+\left(\frac{h}{2} \right)^2=R^2\)

So, using the constraint, we may write the volume of the cylinder in terms of 1 variable, and it will be simpler to substitute for $r^2$:

\(\displaystyle V_C(h)=\pi\left(R^2-\left(\frac{h}{2} \right)^2 \right)h=\pi R^2h-\frac{\pi}{4}h^3\)

Now, differentiate this with respect to $h$ and equate the result to zero to determine the critical value(s).

Now we need to put that respect to P

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First, I would demonstrate that this critical value is at a relative maximum. My preference here would be the second derivative test.ok I got +/- 2Rsqrt3/3 as critical point

Now we need to put that respect to P

Then, you want to evaluate $V_C$ at this critical value, and then substitute that into the formula:

\(\displaystyle w_C=\frac{V_C}{V_S}P\)

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and how does VFirst, I would demonstrate that this critical value is at a relative maximum. My preference here would be the second derivative test.

Then, you want to evaluate $V_C$ at this critical value, and then substitute that into the formula:

\(\displaystyle w_C=\frac{V_C}{V_S}P\)

must I substitute this value too there??

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$V_S$ is the volume of the sphere, so you want to substitute its formula there.and how does V_{s}remains??

must I substitute this value too there??

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OK I GOT THE ANSWER THANKS A LOT$V_S$ is the volume of the sphere, so you want to substitute its formula there.