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Maximal ideal of Z_7[x]

Fernando Revilla

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 29, 2012
661
I quote an unsolved question from Yahoo! Answers

Give a maximal ideal of Z7[x] with justification
I have given a link to the topic there so the OP can see my complete response.

P.S. I have posted there only a hint.
 

Fernando Revilla

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 29, 2012
661
Consider the polynomial $p(x)\in\mathbb{Z}_7[x]$, $p(x)=x^2+1$. This polynomial has no roots: $$p(0)=1,\;p(1)=2,\;p(2)=5,\;p(3)=3,\;p(4)=3,\;p(5)=5,\;p(6)=2$$ and has degree 2 which implies that $p(x)$ is irreducible, as a consequence $(p)$ is a prime ideal. But in a principal ideal domain all prime ideals are maximal, hence, $(p)$ is a maximal ideal.