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Liquid Mixture Problem

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188
Three tablespoons of milk from a glass of milk are poured into a glass
of tea, and the liquid is thoroughly mixed. Then three tablespoons of this mixture
are poured back into the glass of milk. Which is greater now: the percentage of
milk in the tea or the percentage of tea in the milk?
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775
Re: Answer and explain the answer

Let $S$ be the amount in three spoonfuls and $G$ be the amount in a glass. After stirring in the 3 spoonfuls of milk into the tea, it is

\(\displaystyle \frac{G}{G+S}\) tea and \(\displaystyle \frac{S}{G+S}\) milk.

Thus, three spoonfuls of this mixture will be \(\displaystyle \frac{GS}{G+S}\) tea and \(\displaystyle \frac{S^2}{G+S}\) milk.

Then, taking three spoonfuls of this mixture and putting it into the milk means:

The tea glass has:

tea: \(\displaystyle G-\frac{GS}{G +S}=\frac{G^2}{G+S}\)
milk: \(\displaystyle S-\frac{S^2}{G + S}=\frac{GS}{G+S}\)

The milk glass has:

tea: \(\displaystyle 0+\frac{GS}{G+S}=\frac{GS}{G+S}\)
milk: \(\displaystyle (G-S)+\frac{S^2}{G+S}=\frac{G^2}{G+S}\)

Thus, it is equal.
 
Last edited:

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188
Re: Answer and explain the answer

Thus, three spoonfuls of this mixture will be \(\displaystyle \frac{GS}{G+S}\) tea and \(\displaystyle \frac{S^2}{G+S}\) milk.
:confused: :confused: :confused: How??

The rest is clear....

Thanks
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775
Re: Answer and explain the answer

Suppose you have a well-mixed solution that is 3/4 water and 1/4 alcohol. If you remove a portion of that, then the ratio of water to alcohol will be the same in the portion you removed, given that it is mixed well. Suppose you removed 100 mL. Then you know:

The amount of water in the removed portion is:

\(\displaystyle \frac{3}{4}\cdot100\text{ mL}=75\text{ mL}\)

The amount of alcohol in the removed portion is:

\(\displaystyle \frac{1}{4}\cdot100\text{ mL}=25\text{ mL}\)

Does this make sense?
 

Wilmer

In Memoriam
Mar 19, 2012
376
What if there's less than 3 spoonfuls of tea
in the tea glass? Or 0 spoonfuls? :cool:
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775

Wilmer

In Memoriam
Mar 19, 2012
376
Who sent you to the corner, Mark?
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775
(Shake) I see your time in the corner has been insufficient to "correct" your behavioral issue.

More drastic measures may be called for...



(Clapping)
 

soroban

Well-known member
Feb 2, 2012
409

This reminds of an old joke.



Three tablespoons from a glass of sewage are poured into a glass of wine; the liquid is thoroughly mixed.
Then three tablespoons of this mixture are poured back into the glass of sewage.
Which is greater now: the percentage of sewage in the wine or the percentage of wine in the sewage?

The question is meaningless.

Add three tablespoons of sewage to a glass of wine
. . and you will have a glass of sewage.

Return three tablespoons to the glass of sewage
. . and you will have a glass of sewage.

Result: two glasses of sewage.
 

Wilmer

In Memoriam
Mar 19, 2012
376
Guess I'll be heading along...
 

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188
Re: Answer and explain the answer

Let $S$ be the amount in three spoonfuls and $G$ be the amount in a glass.
Did I say the amount in two glasses are equal(G)?
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775
In the absence of anything being said regarding the relative sizes of the two glasses, it is natural to assume they are the same size.

At least Wilmer will no longer be lonely in the corner. (Giggle)
 

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188
In the absence of anything being said regarding the relative sizes of the two glasses, it is natural to assume they are the same size.
Oh,that was the problem I had in solving this.I never got it equal as in the answer.I will post the original answer now.It made no sense to me....

At least Wilmer will no longer be lonely in the corner. (Giggle)
Who's gonna give him a good company?You don't mean me,do you Mark???:)
 

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188
I said I found this in an ebook.And here is the ebook answer.It made no sense to me.But I don't know about others.


Certainly, the percentage of milk in the tea is the same as the percentage of
tea in the milk, since the total amount of milk (or of tea) in both glasses does not
change.


If anybody understood this,please elaborate to me what it means.....
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775
What they are saying is that since both glasses have not changed in the amount of liquid they hold, the amount of tea now in the milk glass must be equal to the amount of milk now in the tea glass.
 

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188
Still makes no sense....(Sadface)(Sadface)
 

Wilmer

In Memoriam
Mar 19, 2012
376
Still makes no sense....
A diagram is worth 10^3 words:

Code:
    MILK       MOVEMENT         TEA
 | 30m     |                | 30t     | : 2 glasses, each with 30 units
 | 15m     |   >> 15m >>    | 30t,15m | : 15 units of milk dumped in tea glass
 | 20m,10t | << 10t,5m <<   | 20t,10m | : 15 units of mix dumped in milk glass
Transfer of mix is in ratio 30:15 of course, so 10:5

In other words, forget the teaspoons (Tauri)
 
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soroban

Well-known member
Feb 2, 2012
409

This is a basis of a stunning card trick.

You and your victim sit on opposite sides of a small table.

You hand him a packet of 20 cards.
Have him deal 10 cards face up on the table.
Then shuffle the two packets together (half face up, half face down).
Have him shuffle a few more times.

Instruct him to hold the deck under the table and give it another shuffle.
Hold out your hand under the table and have him deal 10 cards onto your hand.
Both of you keep your hands under the table.

You remind him:
. . that he doesn't know where the face-up cards were,
. . that he doesn't know which cards he gave you,
. . that he doesn't know how many face-up cards he has now.

You point out:
. . that you are equally ignorant.

Nevertheless, you announce that you will make your number of face-up cards
. match his number of face-up cards.

He will hear the sounds of cards being moved, flipped, etc.
Then you bring up your packet and clearly count out the face-up cards.

Instruct him to do the same. . The numbers will match!


The secret: (Drag your cursor between the asterisks.)

** Do nothing to your packet except turn it over.**
 

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188
A diagram is worth 10^3 words:

Code:
    MILK       MOVEMENT         TEA
 | 30m     |                | 30t     | : 2 glasses, each with 30 units
 | 15m     |   >> 15m >>    | 30t,15m | : 15 units of milk dumped in tea glass
 | 20m,10t | << 10t,5m <<   | 20t,10m | : 15 units of mix dumped in milk glass
Transfer of mix is in ratio 30:15 of course, so 10:5

In other words, forget the teaspoons (Tauri)
Here also both glasses were taken to be equal,right?

So no way of determining if the glasses are unequal,I think.Am I right?
 

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188

stunning card trick.


Man,where did you get this from?Amazing!!!

I always love magic tricks and thank you for teaching me one soro ......
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775
Here also both glasses were taken to be equal,right?

So no way of determining if the glasses are unequal,I think.Am I right?
Have you tried taking the algebraic approach I posted and modifying it so that the glasses are not necessarily equal in volume?
 

mathmaniac

Active member
Mar 4, 2013
188
Have you tried taking the algebraic approach I posted and modifying it so that the glasses are not necessarily equal in volume?
I had tried a similar method before posting it and got insane answers.....

Are you saying that it will be equal even when the glasses are unequal....:confused:

Thanks
 

MarkFL

Administrator
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,775
Post what you tried...I have not actually worked it out, but let's see what you did, and the "insane" results you obtained.