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jon feafe's questions at Yahoo! Answers regarding volumes by slicing

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MarkFL

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Feb 24, 2012
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Here are the questions:

I need calculus math help?


Find the volume V of the described solid S.
The base of S is an elliptical region with boundary curve 16x^2 + 25y^2 = 400. Cross-sections perpendicular to the x-axis are isosceles right triangles with hypotenuse in the base.

Find the volume V of the described solid S.
The base of S is the region enclosed by the parabola
y = 3 - 2x^2
and the x−axis. Cross-sections perpendicular to the y−axis are squares.
I have posted a link there to this thread so the OP can view my work.

edit: This question has since been deleted at Yahoo! Answers.
 
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MarkFL

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Feb 24, 2012
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Re: jon feafe's questions at Yahoo! Questions regarding volumes by slicing

Hello jon feafe,

1.) We are given the boundary of the base:

\(\displaystyle 16x^2+25y^2=400\)

To express this curve in standard form, we may divide through by $400$ to obtain:

\(\displaystyle \frac{x^2}{5^2}+\frac{y^2}{4^2}=1\)

We can see now that our limits of integration will be from $-5$ to $5$.

The volume of an arbitrary slice is:

\(\displaystyle dV=\frac{1}{2}bh\,dx\)

Since the slice has faces which are isosceles right triangles, we know $b=h$, so we have:

\(\displaystyle dV=\frac{1}{2}b^2\,dx\)

If we let $h$ be the hypotenuse, by Pythagoras we may write:

\(\displaystyle b^2+b^2=h^2\)

\(\displaystyle b^2=\frac{1}{2}h^2\)

Thus, we have:

\(\displaystyle dV=\frac{1}{4}h^2\,dx\)

Now, we see that we must have:

\(\displaystyle h=2y=\frac{8}{5}\sqrt{25-x^2}\)

Hence:

\(\displaystyle dV=\frac{16}{25}\left(25-x^2 \right)\,dx\)

Summing the slices, we may write:

\(\displaystyle V=\frac{16}{25}\int_{-5}^5 25-x^2\,dx\)

Using the even-function rule, this becomes:

\(\displaystyle V=\frac{32}{25}\int_{0}^5 25-x^2\,dx\)

Applying the FTOC, we obtain:

\(\displaystyle V=\frac{32}{25}\left[25x-\frac{1}{3}x^3 \right]_0^5=\frac{32}{5^2}\cdot\frac{2\cdot5^3}{3}=\frac{320}{3}\)

2.) The volume of and arbistrary square slice of side length $s$ is:

\(\displaystyle dV=s^2\,dy\)

where:

\(\displaystyle s^2=(2x)^2=4x^2=6-2y=2(3-y)\)

Hence:

\(\displaystyle dV=2(3-y)\,dy\)

Summing the slices, we have:

\(\displaystyle V=2\int_0^3 3-y\,dy\)

Applying the FTOC, we obtain:

\(\displaystyle V=2\left[3y-\frac{1}{2}y^2 \right]_0^3=2\cdot\frac{9}{2}=9\)