Welcome to our community

Be a part of something great, join today!

Int ( dx / x ^2 ) = - 1 / x, a new proof.

Fernando Revilla

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 29, 2012
Proposition. $\displaystyle \int\frac{dx}{x^2}=-\dfrac{1}{x} $

Proof. $$\begin{aligned}\int\frac{dx}{x^2}&=\int\dfrac{dx}{x\cdot x} \\&=\int\dfrac{d\;\not x}{x\cdot \not x}\\&=\left(\int d\right)\frac{1}{x}\\&=id\left(\frac{1}{x}\right) \\&=\frac{1}{x}\end{aligned}$$ Now, using the well-known sign's rule:$\displaystyle \int\frac{dx}{x^2}=-\dfrac{1}{x}\qquad \square $


Indicium Physicus
Staff member
Jan 26, 2012

Klaas van Aarsen

MHB Seeker
Staff member
Mar 5, 2012
I like how $\int \text{d}=\text{id}$.
It's true, since these operators are each others inverses.
And for instance $\int (\text{d}x) = (\int \text{d})x = x \color{silver}{+ C}$
It's just a pity that these operators are not distributive with multiplication. ;)