# Find the global extrema of this function over the given region

#### Vishak

##### New member
Hi MHB. Can someone help me with this one please?

I've worked out that the critical points are (0,0) and (2,1). But looking at the boundary x = 0, there seems to be no limit to the minimum value. Also, on the boundary y = 1, the value of f(x,1) = -1.

So, would I be correct in saying that the global maximum value occurs at (2,1) and that there is no global minimum?

#### MarkFL

Staff member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

Before we look at the boundaries, have you used second partials test for relative extrema to determine that nature of the critical points (which you have correctly determined)?

#### Vishak

##### New member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

The critical points both appear to be saddle points (the derivative D = -1 for both)

#### MarkFL

Staff member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

The critical points both appear to be saddle points (the derivative D = -1 for both)
Yes, I get the same result.

So now you want to look at the boundaries. What are they?

#### Vishak

##### New member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

Great

I think the only real boundaries would be x = 0 , and y = 1

#### MarkFL

Staff member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

Great

I think the only real boundaries would be x = 0 , and y = 1
Yes, those are the real boundaries. You have already found that:

$$\displaystyle f(0,y)=-y^2$$

and because:

$$\displaystyle \lim_{y\to-\infty}\left(-y^2 \right)=-\infty$$

You correctly conclude that the function has no global minimum. Suppose we choose an arbitrary value for $y$, such as $y=-k$ where $0<k$. Then the function is:

$$\displaystyle f(x,-k)=\left(k^2+k \right)x-k^2$$

What is the limit of this as $$\displaystyle x\to\infty$$?

#### Vishak

##### New member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

The limit appears to be going to $$\displaystyle \infty$$. So then I guess that there is no global maximum either?

#### MarkFL

Staff member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

The limit appears to be going to $$\displaystyle \infty$$. So then I guess that there is no global maximum either?
Yes, I come to the same conclusion.

#### Vishak

##### New member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

Awesome! Thank you Mark

#### Opalg

##### MHB Oldtimer
Staff member
Re: Find the global maxima of this function

Hi MHB. Can someone help me with this one please?

View attachment 1595

I've worked out that the critical points are (0,0) and (2,1). But looking at the boundary x = 0, there seems to be no limit to the minimum value. Also, on the boundary y = 1, the value of f(x,1) = -1.

So, would I be correct in saying that the global maximum value occurs at (2,1) and that there is no global minimum?
Caution: some people use $\{(x,y)\ |\ 0\leq x,y\leq1\}$ as an abbreviation for $\{(x,y)\ |\ 0\leq x\leq1 \text{ and }0\leq y\leq1\}$. I suspect that is what is intended here. If so, you are being asked for the extreme values of $f(x,y)$ on the unit square. Then the critical point $(2,1)$ is outside the domain $D$, and the boundary consists of four line segments.

#### MarkFL

Caution: some people use $\{(x,y)\ |\ 0\leq x,y\leq1\}$ as an abbreviation for $\{(x,y)\ |\ 0\leq x\leq1 \text{ and }0\leq y\leq1\}$. I suspect that is what is intended here. If so, you are being asked for the extreme values of $f(x,y)$ on the unit square. Then the critical point $(2,1)$ is outside the domain $D$, and the boundary consists of four line segments.