Welcome to our community

Be a part of something great, join today!

equation a^x=x

Vali

Member
Dec 29, 2018
48
If the equation a^x=x with a>1 has one solution then:
A)a=1/e
B)a=e
C)a=e^(1/e)
D)a=e^e
E)1/(e^e)
The right answer is C.I tried to derivate then to resolve f'(x) but didn't work
 

MarkFL

Pessimist Singularitarian
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,666
St. Augustine, FL.
If the equation a^x=x with a>1 has one solution then:
A)a=1/e
B)a=e
C)a=e^(1/e)
D)a=e^e
E)1/(e^e)
The right answer is C.I tried to derivate then to resolve f'(x) but didn't work
I would write:

\(\displaystyle f(x)=a^x-x=0\)

Hence:

\(\displaystyle f'(x)=a^x\ln(a)-1=0\)

These imply:

\(\displaystyle x=\frac{1}{\ln(a)}=\log_a(e)\implies a^x=e\)

And so:

\(\displaystyle \ln(a)=\frac{1}{e}\implies a=e^{\frac{1}{e}}\)
 

Vali

Member
Dec 29, 2018
48
I would write:

\(\displaystyle f(x)=a^x-x=0\)

Hence:

\(\displaystyle f'(x)=a^x\ln(a)-1=0\)

These imply:

\(\displaystyle x=\frac{1}{\ln(a)}=\log_a(e)\implies a^x=e\)

And so:

\(\displaystyle \ln(a)=\frac{1}{e}\implies a=e^{\frac{1}{e}}\)
Thank you for your response.I don't understand why x = 1/lna
from a^xlna-1=0 => a^x=1/lna; why x = 1/lna ?
 

MarkFL

Pessimist Singularitarian
Staff member
Feb 24, 2012
13,666
St. Augustine, FL.
Thank you for your response.I don't understand why x = 1/lna
from a^xlna-1=0 => a^x=1/lna; why x = 1/lna ?
The second equation implies:

\(\displaystyle a^x=\frac{1}{\ln(a)}\)

And the first equation implies:

\(\displaystyle a^x=x\)

Hence:

\(\displaystyle x=\frac{1}{\ln(a)}\)
 

Vali

Member
Dec 29, 2018
48
Thank you very much for your help!