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- Jan 26, 2012

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Use \$ delimiters around in-line LaTeX maths and \$\$ delimiters around display LaTeX maths.Given \(z=r(cos\theta+isin\theta)\), solve for \(z\) in the form \(a+ib\) if \(4+i(4z+1)=2re^{i(\pi+\theta)}\)

CB

- Jan 26, 2012

- 890

Expand both sides in Cartesian form, remembering that \(e^{i\phi}=\cos(\phi)+i \sin(\phi)\), then equate real and imaginary parts and solve for \(r\) and \( \theta \)Given \(z=r(cos\theta+isin\theta)\), solve for \(z\) in the form \(a+ib\) if \(4+i(4z+1)=2re^{i(\pi+\theta)}\)

Alternative method: rewrite the left hand side in polar form and equate modulus and arguments.

CB

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One question, do i expand z too?Expand both sides in Cartesian form, remembering that \(e^{i\phi}=\cos(\phi)+i \sin(\phi)\), then equate real and imaginary parts and solve for \(r\) and \( \theta \)

Alternative method: rewrite the left hand side in polar form and equate modulus and arguments.

CB

For the cartesian approach yes, it then will give you a pair of simultaneous equations in \(r\) and \(\theta\) to solve.

CB

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\[ \displaystyle \begin{align*} 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= 2r\,e^{i\left(\pi + \theta\right)} \\ 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= 2r\left[\cos{\left( \pi + \theta \right)} + i\sin{\left( \pi + \theta \right)} \right] \\ 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= 2r\left[-\cos{\left(\theta\right)} - i\sin{\left(\theta\right)}\right] \\ 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= -2r\left[\cos{\left(\theta\right)} + i\sin{\left(\theta\right)} \right] \\ 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= -2z \end{align*} \]Given \(z=r(cos\theta+isin\theta)\), solve for \(z\) in the form \(a+ib\) if \(4+i(4z+1)=2re^{i(\pi+\theta)}\)

Now solve for $\displaystyle z$.

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I see that there is another method to solve. But could u also show me the method of solving for theta and r?\[ \displaystyle \begin{align*} 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= 2r\,e^{i\left(\pi + \theta\right)} \\ 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= 2r\left[\cos{\left( \pi + \theta \right)} + i\sin{\left( \pi + \theta \right)} \right] \\ 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= 2r\left[-\cos{\left(\theta\right)} - i\sin{\left(\theta\right)}\right] \\ 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= -2r\left[\cos{\left(\theta\right)} + i\sin{\left(\theta\right)} \right] \\ 4 + i\left(4z + 1\right) &= -2z \end{align*} \]

Now solve for $\displaystyle z$.

No.I see that there is another method to solve. But could u also show me the method of solving for theta and r?

1) It's longer.

2) It's much more difficult.

3) It's pointless when there is a much more straightforward method such as what I have shown you.

- Jan 26, 2012

- 890

Just write the equations out in Cartesian form, the solution from that point is easier than you might think once you see the form of the equations.I see that there is another method to solve. But could u also show me the method of solving for theta and r?

CB

Really? Because that was my first instinct as well, and ended up with two equations in four unknowns...Just write the equations out in Cartesian form, the solution from that point is easier than you might think once you see the form of the equations.

CB

- Jan 26, 2012

- 890

There are only two unknowns \(r\) and \(\theta\) (even in the Cartesian form of the equations). Eliminate \(r\) by dividing one by the other (after a bit of rearrangement) and you are left with a linear equation in \(\tan(\theta)\) (at least after dividing top and bottom by \(\cos(\theta)\) )Really? Because that was my first instinct as well, and ended up with two equations in four unknowns...

On second thoughts we are talking at cross purposes, I think what you mean is to write the equation as:

\(4+i(4z+1)=-2z\)

and then solve for \(z\) by common algebra and then simplify.

CB

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I know what I did wrong now, I had forgotten that we were given $\displaystyle z = r\left[\cos{\left(\theta\right)} + i\sin{\left(\theta\right)}\right]$.There are only two unknowns \(r\) and \(\theta\) (even in the Cartesian form of the equations). Eliminate \(r\) by dividing one by the other (after a bit of rearrangement) and you are left with a linear equation in \(\tan(\theta)\) (at least after dividing top and bottom by \(\cos(\theta)\) )

On second thoughts we are talking at cross purposes, I think what you mean is to write the equation as:

\(4+i(4z+1)=-2z\)

and then solve for \(z\) by common algebra and then simplify.

CB

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First, im sorry as i had a problem using the latex... Please do me a favour by helping me to add the latexThere are only two unknowns \(r\) and \(\theta\) (even in the Cartesian form of the equations). Eliminate \(r\) by dividing one by the other (after a bit of rearrangement) and you are left with a linear equation in \(\tan(\theta)\) (at least after dividing top and bottom by \(\cos(\theta)\) )

On second thoughts we are talking at cross purposes, I think what you mean is to write the equation as:

\(4+i(4z+1)=-2z\)

and then solve for \(z\) by common algebra and then simplify.

CB

Secondly, I tried using this approach and formed 2 equations \( r=\frac{sin(\pi+\theta)-1}{4cos\theta}\) and \(r=\frac{2}{cos9\pi+\theta0+2sin\theta}\)

Dividing one by the other, I formed the equation \(\frac{8}{(-1+2tan\theta)(-sin\theta-1)}=1\) which i couldnt solve for \(\theta\)...

The method is also very long. Did i do it the right way? Please show me the right way if i did not.

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- Jan 26, 2012

- 890

The equations I get are:First, im sorry as i had a problem using the latex... Please do me a favour by helping me to add the latex

Secondly, I tried using this approach and formed 2 equations \( r=\frac{sin(\pi+\theta)-1}{4cos\theta}\) and \(r=\frac{2}{cos9\pi+\theta0+2sin\theta}\)

Dividing one by the other, I formed the equation \(\frac{8}{(-1+2tan\theta)(-sin\theta-1)}=1\) which i couldnt solve for \(\theta\)...

The method is also very long. Did i do it the right way? Please show me the right way if i did not.

\[4r \cos(\theta)+2r \sin(\theta)=-1\] \[2r \cos(\theta)-4r\sin(\theta)=-4\]

Which when divided give:

\[\frac{2 \cos(\theta)+\sin(\theta)}{\cos(\theta)-2\sin(\theta)}=\frac{1}{4}\]

CB

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- #14

I will try it again, thanksThe equations I get are:

\[4r \cos(\theta)+2r \sin(\theta)=-1\] \[2r \cos(\theta)-4r\sin(\theta)=-4\]

Which when divided give:

\[\frac{2 \cos(\theta)+\sin(\theta)}{\cos(\theta)-2\sin(\theta)}=\frac{1}{4}\]

CB

---------- Post added at 06:49 PM ---------- Previous post was at 06:19 PM ----------

You're right. However, solving for theta is not the end of the story... The question requires the answer to be presented in the form a+ib. Am I right in saying that tackling the question using this method would take very long? Or is there another way to find a and b after solving for r and theta?The equations I get are:

\[4r \cos(\theta)+2r \sin(\theta)=-1\] \[2r \cos(\theta)-4r\sin(\theta)=-4\]

Which when divided give:

\[\frac{2 \cos(\theta)+\sin(\theta)}{\cos(\theta)-2\sin(\theta)}=\frac{1}{4}\]

CB

- Jan 26, 2012

- 890

\(a=r \cos(\theta),\ b=r \sin(\theta)\)

You're right. However, solving for theta is not the end of the story... The question requires the answer to be presented in the form a+ib. Am I right in saying that tackling the question using this method would take very long? Or is there another way to find a and b after solving for r and theta?

CB