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Change of basis help?

Fernando Revilla

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 29, 2012
661
I quote un unsolved question posted in MHF on December 8th, 2012 by user bonfire09.

Problem is assuming the mapping T: P2---->P2 defined by T(a0+a1t+a2t2)=3a0+(5a0-2a1)t+(4a1+a2)t^2 is linear. Find the matrix representation of T relative to Basis B={1,t,t^2}.
The part that im confused on is when I go plug in the basis values T(1),T(t),and T(t^2)? I don't know how to do it?

From my understanding T(a0+a1t+a2t2) can be written as a0T(1)+a1T(t)+a2T(t^2)
So to find T(1) its just a0T(1)+0T(t)+0T(t^2)=3a0+5a0t? Am i right?
 

Fernando Revilla

Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 29, 2012
661
Really this is not a problem relative to change of basis. Take into account that according to a well-known theorem, to find the matrix of a linear map [tex]f:V\to W [/tex] with respect to basis [tex]B_V,B_W[/tex] of [tex]V,W[/tex] respectively, you only need to find the coordinates of the image of the elements of [tex]B_V[/tex] with respect to [tex]B_W[/tex] and then, to write these as columns.

In our case [tex]T[/tex] is an endomorphism and only one basis is mentioned, so [tex]B_V=B_W=B[/tex]. We have:
$$T(1)=3+5t\\T(t)=-2t+4t^2\\T(t^2)=t^2$$
Hence, the corresponding matrix representation is:
$$[T]_B^B=\begin{bmatrix}{3}&{\;\;0}&{0}\\{5}&{-2}&{0}\\{0}&{\;\;4}&{1}\end{bmatrix}$$