# Calculus Optimization Problem

#### drasord

##### New member
I'm really stuck on this problem. Could anyone provide some help?

Find the length and width of the rectangle of largest area that can be inscribed in a semicircle of radius R, assuming that one side of the rectangle lies on the diameter of the semicircle. Also, find the area of this rectangle. Draw a neat diagram.

Thanks!

#### MarkFL

Staff member
Can you show us what you have tried so far so we know where you are stuck and can best offer help?

#### MarkFL

Staff member
You have found the correct critical value:

$$\displaystyle x=\frac{R}{\sqrt{2}}$$

The base of the rectangle is $2x$. The height is $y$.

So, what is $$\displaystyle y\left(\frac{R}{\sqrt{2}} \right)$$ ?

Last edited:

#### drasord

##### New member
Or now I have to find area:

A = l * w
A = 2R/sqrt(2) * sqrt(R^2/2)
A = sqrt(2) * sqrt(x) * sqrt(x^2)

?

#### MarkFL

$$\displaystyle 2x=2\cdot\frac{R}{\sqrt{2}}=\sqrt{2}R$$
$$\displaystyle y=\sqrt{R^2-\frac{R^2}{2}}=\frac{R}{\sqrt{2}}$$
$$\displaystyle A=\sqrt{2}R\cdot\frac{R}{\sqrt{2}}=R^2$$