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Angle of refraction, Refractive Indices, and D Vectors

Joystar1977

Active member
Jul 24, 2013
119
I have no idea how to do this or where to start. Can someone please help me?

At the He-Ne laser wavelength (L= 632.8 nm) the refractive indices of crystal quartz are n o = 1.54264 and n e = 1.55171 calculated from its Sellmeier equation. The laser is incident from the air onto the surface of crystal quartz at an angle of incidence of 45 degrees. For each of the following three cases, please find the angle of refraction, find the refractive indices, and briefly describe the direction of the D vectors for the o- and e- waves inside the crystal.

a.) The optic axis is parallel to the plane of incidence, and is also parallel to the surface of the crystal.

b.) The optic axis is perpendicular to the surface of the crystal.

c.) The optic axis is perpendicular to the plane of incidence.