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AM-GM inequality for sum of 3 square roots

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Klaas van Aarsen

MHB Seeker
Staff member
Mar 5, 2012
Let $a,b,c$ be positive real numbers with sum $3$.
Prove that $√a+√b+√c≥ab+bc+ca$.


Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Jan 26, 2012
Here is my proof
Since $a, b$ and $c$ are positive we can let $a \to a^2, b \to b^2$ and $c \to c^2$ so we want to prove that

$a + b + c \ge a^2b^2 + b^2c^2 + a^2c^2$ if $a^2+b^2+c^2 = 3$

Consider $f(x) = x^4 -3x^2+2x$. It's fairly easy to show that $f(x) \ge 0$ if $x \ge 0.$

Thus, $f(a)+f(b)+f(c) \ge 0$ or

$a^4+b^4+c^4 - 3(a^2+b^2+c^2) + 2(a+b+c) \ge 0$ or re-writing

$a^4+b^4+c^4 + 2(a+b+c) \ge 3(a^2+b^2+c^2)$


$a^4+b^4+c^4 + 2(a+b+c) \ge (a^2+b^2+c^2)^2$ since $a^2+b^2+c^2 = 3$.

Expanding gives the desired result.