# [SOLVED]1.8.360 AP calculus Exam continuity

#### karush

##### Well-known member

well just by observation $x-2$ cancels out leaving $2x+1$ plugging in $2$ gives $2(2)+1 = 5$

or is there some more anointed way to do this.

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#### tkhunny

##### Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
Not really a fan of this explanation.

I want to know why

$\dfrac{(2x+1)(x-2)}{x-2}$

is NOT EXACTLY THE SAME as

$(2x+1)$

#### karush

##### Well-known member
I assume its about k

Always thought filling a hole was more rigorous

#### skeeter

##### Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
definition of continuity at $x=c$ ...

1. $f(c)$ exists

2. $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to c} f(x)$ exists

3. $\displaystyle \lim_{x \to c} f(x) = f(c)$

#### HallsofIvy

##### Well-known member
MHB Math Helper
I shall personally anoint this:
The definition of "continuous" is "f is continuous at x= a if and only if both f(a) and $$\lim_{x\to a} f(x)$$ exist and
$$\lim_{x\to a} f(x)= f(a)$$". Further
$$\lim_{x\to a} f(x)= L$$ is defined by "given any $$\epsilon> 0$$, there exist $$\delta> 0$$ such that if $$0< |x- a|< \delta$$ then $$|f(x)- L|< \epsilon$$.

Note the "$$0< |x- a|$$" which perhaps should be given more emphasis in math classes. The value of $$\lim_{x\to a} f(x)$$ depends entirely upon the values of f(x) for x close to x= a, but the value of f(a), or even whether it exists, is completely irrelevant to the limit!

For this problem, as long as x is not 2, x- 2 is not 0 and the "x- 2" terms in numerator and denominator cancel.

That is, for $$x\ne 2$$, $$f(x)= \frac{(2x+1)(x- 2)}{x- 2}= 2x+1$$.

Not really a fan of this explanation.

I want to know why

$\dfrac{(2x+1)(x-2)}{x-2}$

is NOT EXACTLY THE SAME as

$(2x+1)$
They are "NOT EXACTLY THE SAME" because the second has value 5 when x= 2 and the first is not defined there. The graph of y= 2x+ 1 is a straight line while the graph of $$y=\frac{(2x+1)(x- 2)}{x- 2}$$ is that same straight line except for a hole at (2, 5).